FIV in cats and how to prevent the spread of the virus

via bluecross.org.uk

FIV in Cats and How to Prevent the Spread of the Virus

July 17, 2016

Knowing about fiv in cats is a must for you if you have cats and you’re worried about your cat catching viruses. Feline immunodeficiency virus of FIV is a kind of lentivirus and it’s very dangerous.

It’s in the same class as the very dangerous HIV. If HIV affects humans, FIV affects cats and this is why you have to be extra careful if you are a cat owner.

FIV can live in various different tissues in a cat and it works in almost the same way HIV does. It can cause a weakening of a cat’s immune system.

A cat that has caught the virus will have a weakened immune system and, thus, finds its condition gradually worsening when it catches a certain illness. Note these things about the virus if you want your cat to always be free of this virus.

How Does a Cat Get FIV?

how does a cat get FIV

via hssvacc.blogspot.com

A cat has various tissues and among those various tissues are the salivary glands. The glands play a vital role in bringing the virus in. A bite wound, a deep one, from a cat that is FIV-positive to another cat can cause the bitten cat to get the virus from the biting cat. A bite is not the only thing that can transmit the virus from a cat to another.

The virus can also be transmitted to a cat from another cat via blood. The virus can be transmitted in utero as well. In addition, it can also possibly be transmitted from the milk of a mother cat that has been infected. However, if you are a cat owner, you don’t need to worry too much if your cat is simply playing with an infected cat.

It is very unlikely for a cat to get the feline immunodeficiency virus from simply being around an infected cat. A cat won’t get the virus from simply sharing their food bowl with an infected cat as well.

Also, if you touch a cat that is FIV-positive and then touch your cat, your cat won’t get the virus and thus, you definitely don’t need to worry too much if your cat simply plays with infected cats, as long as there is no biting or blood transmission.

The Signs of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

the signs of feline immunodeficiency virus infection

via bathcatsanddogshome.org.uk

FIV infection signs are probably the things you want to know about if you are worried about your cat catching the virus. However, nothing is considered a specific sign of FIV infection. Thus, it’s rather hard to determine what can give humans clues about whether a cat catches FIV or not.

One thing for sure, a FIV-positive cat has a weaker immune system and thus, it’s more prone to getting infections. The infections an FIV-positive cat can get include ringworm, dental disease, and upper respiratory infections.

However, even though an infected cat may get those infections, it may actually live a normal life and have a length of life that can be considered normal.

That’s why it’s rather hard to tell whether a cat is FIV-positive or not because even when being infected by the virus, a cat may still live a normal life and even have a normal lifespan. There is a way to know whether your cat is infected by the virus or not, though.

How to Know Whether Your Cat Has FIV or Not

how to know whether your cat has FIV or not

via novacatclinic.com

Despite the fact that there aren’t any obvious FIV signs, there is still a method you can use to tell whether a cat is infected by FIV or not. The method is blood test. You can do a blood test to know whether your cat caught FIV or not.

One of the most commons screening tests is the ELISA test, which is sometimes called a SNAP test as well, done by a veterinarian. The test looks for a cat’s antibodies to the feline immunodeficiency virus. What is called an antibody constitutes a protein a cat makes in response to the virus infection. The ELISA test is quite awesome.

By doing the ELISA test, a positive cat can actually test positive as early as two to four weeks after its exposure to the virus. However, sometimes it may take eight weeks. Bringing your cat to your veterinarian to do the test is one of the wisest things you can do if you’re worried about your beloved cat’s conditions.

Kittens that are still under six months old may test positive after getting antibodies from their beloved mothers either via milk or in utero. It may take up to as long as six months for the antibodies they got from their moms to actually go away. Six months are not a short time, of course.

That’s why it’s a wise thing to do to retest a kitten that tested positive once he or she is sixth months old. Just consider doing a test if you’re really worried about the conditions of your cat whether your cat is an adult cat or still a kitten.

How to Treat FIV

how to treat FIV

via yourpetvet.co.nz

Cat owners might instantly wonder whether FIV could be treated or not the moment they got info on the virus. It’s normal for you to wonder whether the virus can be treated or not if you are worried about your cat catching the virus. There are no certain answers to the question about whether the virus is treatable or not, though.

There haven’t been any treatments that can be used to treat FIV in a cat. However, most cats that are FIV-positive could handle the virus well. The virus is not the only thing you need to be worried about, though. After all, the virus is not the only thing threatening your cat’s life if he or she catches it.

Even though most positive cats can handle FIV well, you should always focus on treating secondary illnesses. After all, secondary illnesses are things that really jeopardize your cat’s life if they attack your cat after your beloved little friend catches FIV. That’s why it’s never easy to take care of a cat that is FIV-positive.

Methods to Use to Prevent FIV Spread

methods to use to prevent FIV spread

via cleveland.com

There are a number of methods you can use to prevent FIV spread and you should consider doing them if you don’t want your cat to get FIV. The first method is keeping your cat indoors so that he or she doesn’t fight with FIV-positive cats. Never let your cat fight with any FIV-positive cats if you don’t want your beloved little friend to catch the virus.

The rate of cats that are FIV positive ranges from 4% to 24% depending on where you live. A FIV-negative cat can actually live with a FIV-positive one, though. They can live together as long as neither one of them is a fighter and the FIV-positive one doesn’t have teeth.

Note that FIV-positive cats usually have dental disease which can be considered severe and it’s often necessary to remove their teeth, all of them. If the FIV-positive cat that plays with your cat doesn’t have teeth and is not a fighter, you can rest assured.

Speaking of preventing FIV spread, there is a FIV vaccine cat owners can let their cats take. However, the vaccine is not recommended by many because it doesn’t have the very best efficacy. Also, after a cat gets the vaccine, he or she will test positive for FIV. Of course, many cat owners don’t want their cats to test positive for this dangerous virus.

Because taking a vaccine can make a cat FIV-positive, there are no tests which can differentiate whether a certain cat tests positive for the feline immunodeficiency virus from having an infection or from taking a vaccine. If a cat manages to escape and ends up getting picked up by an animal control and get tested, he or she might be killed for testing positive.

Since a cat may be killed if he tests positive after being picked up by an animal control, it’s very important to make sure to prevent infection from reaching your cat so that your cat doesn’t end up being killed for testing positive. Just try the prevention methods mentioned earlier to prevent infection from reaching your beloved little friend.

Tricks to Use When You Have Both FIV-Negative and FIV-Negative Cats

tricks to use when you have both FIV-negative and FIV-negative cats

via mypetonline.co.uk

You might be in a dilemma if you have both cats that are FIV-negative and cats that are FIV-positive. You might be confused as to how to take care of them and still protect the FIV-negative ones from getting infected. There are a number of tricks you can use to take care both while still protecting them at the same time.

When you’re taking care of FIV-negative and FIV-positive cats at the same time, you should always keep watch of them. You should always make sure that the cats get along. You should always make sure that the cats do not fight.

After all, if they fight, they might bleed and blood transmission might occur. You know that blood transmission is a way of transmitting FIV from a positive cat to a negative one.

The next trick you can use is making sure your negative cats don’t drink the milk of the positive ones if the positive ones give birth and then breastfeed their kittens.

The reason is of course because milk is one of the media the virus can use to go from a cat to another. Of course, this is not the last trick you can use when you’re taking care of both FIV-negative and FIV-positive cats.

Another trick you can use is minimizing virus spread risks. You can use this trick by minimizing the interactions between the negative and positive cats.

FIV-negative in cats

via stbernardsvet.com.au

To minimize the cats’ interactions, you can, for example, having the negative and positive cats live in different rooms. Build separate rooms in which you place your cats according to their negative and positive status.

Of course, after you build separate rooms for the negative and positive cats, you shouldn’t discriminate either one of them.

You should not care less about the healthy ones because you think they don’t need more attentions. You should not care less about the unhealthy ones because you think they’re virus carriers. Make sure to treat each cat the same way.

Also note that you should not separate the negative and positive cats forever. Make a time limit. Have them live in different rooms only until you are confident enough that they won’t fight each other the next time they meet.

Of course, you might find trouble telling whether the cats won’t fight each other or not the next time they meet. Patience plays a quite important role here.

Be very patient in observing the cats to tell whether it’s time to let them meet or not. Be patient enough until you know when’s the right time to let the cats meet without having to see them fight. Always remember that it requires patient to find out about whether your FIV-negative and FIV-positive cats are ready to meet each other.

The Quality and Duration of FIV-Positive Cats’ Lives

the quality and duration of FIV-positive cats’ lives

via aspcapro.org

Now that you know various things about FIV, you might wonder whether FIV-positive cats can live long lives or not. It has been stated earlier that FIV-positive cats can actually live lives with normal lifespans.

Just because they have FIV doesn’t necessarily mean that their lives will be short. They’ll still be able to live as long as other cats that don’t have FIV.

Cats with FIV can even live quality lives since the virus is not associated only with bad things. Cats with FIV can actually live normal lives. Normal here means normal in both duration and quality. It means that FIV-positive cats usually have ages that are quite the same with healthier cats’ ages.

Note that cats with PIV need special care, though. They need special care and it means that their owners need to monitor them for infection signs. Their owners also need to monitor them in case they have tendencies to have dental disease because their bodies have become weaker than those of normal, healthier cats.

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