stomatitis in cats and how to treat the condition


Stomatitis in Cats and How to Treat the Condition

July 18, 2016

One of the things you have to be worried about if you have a cat is stomatitis in cats. Stomatitis that happens in cats is quite painful and it can make a cat that has it suffer. Stomatitis is undeniably very dangerous and you have to know about it if you are a cat owner and you care a lot about your beloved cat.

Stomatitis that happens in cats is often called feline stomatitis and it’s a severe inflammation of a cat’s gums and mouth. It’s very painful and it definitely makes a cat that has it suffer. There are various things that can cause feline stomatitis and dental disease is among them.

There are long-term outcomes of stomatitis in felines and you should know about them if you are worried about your cat suffering from stomatitis. Note these things if you’re a cat owner, you consider stomatitis dangerous, and you’re worried about your beloved cat suffering because of it.

What Feline Stomatitis Is

what feline stomatitis is


As stated earlier, feline stomatitis is a severe inflammation of a cat’s gums and mouth. It’s very painful and in many cases, it causes ulcers in the mouth. The ulcers can involve the tongue, the back of the throat, the gums, and the lips. What’s scary is a fact that cats of any breed or age can actually be affected by stomatitis.

The Causes of Feline Stomatitis

the causes of feline stomatitis


You have to know that there’s n single cause of stomatitis in cats if you have a cat and you’re worried about it suffering from stomatitis. Something that is commonly implicated as a feline stomatitis’s cause is dental disease, especially periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is a disease resulting from plaque or bacteria around and on the teeth accumulating and causing inflammation. The inflammation caused by the bacteria or plaque can involve the gums, as well as the tooth support structures.

Certain viruses might also cause feline stomatitis and it means that dental disease isn’t the only thing that can cause the condition. Aside from dental disease, other inflammatory conditions can also actually cause stomatitis in felines. The causes of feline stomatitis also include immune mediated causes.

Many cats experience stomatitis that is caused by immune mediated causes. The immune mediated causes involve the cats’ immune systems attacking their own oral tissues as a response, an abnormal response, to bacteria living in their mouths.

As for viruses that can cause stomatitis in felines, the viruses include FeLV or feline leukemia virus, FIV or feline immunodeficiency virus, as well as calicivirus and bartonellosis.

Thos are various possible causes of feline stomatitis you might need to write down on your notes if you really want to know about what feline stomatitis actually is.

Feline Stomatitis Clinical Signs

feline stomatitis clinical signs


Knowledge on the clinical signs of stomatitis that happens in cats is knowledge you need to gain if you’re worried about your beloved feline suffering from stomatitis. Stomatitis in felines is extremely painful and sometimes cats that suffer from this condition are in too much pain to open their mouths to eat.

However, in some other cases, cats suffering from stomatitis might try to eat but then scream and drop their foods when the foods touch their mouths.

There are other clinical signs of stomatitis in felines aside from the signs mentioned above. One of them is drooling, which is sometimes with blood. If your cat starts drooling, especially if it’s drooling with blood, you should be worried because it can be a clinical sign that your cat suffers from stomatitis.

Another clinical sign to note is unkempt hair coat. A cat suffering from stomatitis may have unkempt hair coat since grooming is actually painful to him or her.

This is not the last clinical sign of stomatitis in felines. The next sign you need to note is refusal to eat. If your cat refuses to eat, be worried. It can be a sign that your cat has stomatitis.

Bad breath is also a clinical sign of stomatitis in felines. That’s why you should not be uncomfortable because your cat’s breath stinks when your cat has bad breath since bad breath in cats can be a sign of a very painful condition called stomatitis as well.

Weight loss is among the causes of stomatitis in felines as well. Start worrying about your cat’s conditions if it gradually loses weight.

Don’t stay relaxed when your cat gradually loses weight because it can be a sign of stomatitis. You don’t want your cat to be in so much pain because stomatitis happens to him or her.

The next sign of stomatitis is pawing at the mouth or the face. This is a quite scary sign because pawing at the mouth or the face is not the most painless thing to do at all.

Start worrying about your feline friend’s conditions if he or she starts pawing his or her mouth or face. Pawing at one’s mouth or face is a scary thing to do and this can be a sign of stomatitis when a cat does it.

The Diagnosis of Feline Stomatitis

the diagnosis of feline stomatitis


The diagnosis of feline stomatitis should be done by experts to make sure that your cat is diagnosed well. Examining a cat’s mouth with stomatitis can be a quite difficult task because a cat that has stomatitis is usually reluctant to open her or his mouth. That’s why it’s important to bring your cat to an expert such as a veterinarian.

After you bring your cat to your veterinarian, your veterinarian might recommend sedation in order to facilitate a more complete examination. Note that results of what’s called basic blood test like a complete blood cell count and chemistry panel tend to actually be unremarkable in felines with stomatitis.

However, your expert veterinarian might recommend a specific test for underlying diseases like FIV, bartonellosis, and FeLV.

Sometimes, a tissue sample from the mouth, a small portion of it, is sent to a laboratory so that biopsy can be done. However, the diagnosis is usually based on physical examination findings and clinical signs.

After all, they are things that can make experts sure about what’s going on with a cat because they usually provide some important information.

Dental X-rays and a dental examination might help a veterinarian determine successfully the extent of the periodontal disease a cat suffers from. Those are things you have to know about the diagnosis of stomatitis in felines if you are a cat owner and you are worried about your beloved cat’s conditions.

The Treatment for Feline Stomatitis

the treatment for feline stomatitis


Stomatitis in felines is undeniably very painful and it makes many cats that have it suffer. There are varied things that can be done to treat the condition and the initial treatment usually involves giving meditation that helps control inflammation and pain.

This medication is important because inflammation and pain are without doubt two things that make cats with stomatitis suffer the most.

Antibiotics are usually also administered because antibiotics can also help cats that suffer from stomatitis. You should try bringing your cat to a veterinarian if he or she shows signs of stomatitis and your veterinarian might give your cat antibiotics that help him or her relieve the inflammation and pain that make him or her suffer.

Make sure you bring your cat to your veterinarian and let your veterinarian give the right antibiotics.

Don’t decide on your own what antibiotic products to give to your cat when he or she suffers from stomatitis because your veterinarian sure knows better than many cat owners including you about the right antibiotics to give to a cat that has stomatitis.

Just make sure you let the task of treating your cat be done by experts since experts are people that know which methods is the best to use to treat cats with stomatitis.

The next treatment method to use is giving your cat puree canned food and there is a reason for why this method should be used under certain conditions.

Some cats might be willing to consume soft food when they have stomatitis and thus, their owners might be advised to what’s called puree canned food. In treating a cat with stomatitis, the aforementioned food should be given until the cat’s mouth has healed.

The treatment methods which can be used to treat stomatitis in felines also include a dental disease management. Periodontal disease that is quite severe has actually been implicated as a feline stomatitis cause and thus, dental disease management actually has something to do with treating a cat’s stomatitis.

Stomatitis is actually hard to completely cure and in addition, treatment may tend to be long term but your veterinarian might recommend dental disease management as a part of your cat’s overall treatment plan.

Dental disease can help treat stomatitis because periodontal disease, the severe one, is implicated as a feline stomatitis cause.

stomatitis in cats


The thing your veterinarian might recommend is probably a thorough dental cleaning because it can help treat stomatitis. Many cats actually did well when their molar teeth, as well as their premolar teeth, were removed.

Your cat might be in a better condition if he or she is suffering from stomatitis and gets his or her premolar and molar teeth removed.

There is a quite solid reason for why dental cleaning can help treat stomatitis in felines. The reason is because the surfaces of teeth actually provide bacteria with areas on which they can attach themselves.

Thus, removing some teeth can actually help manage periodontal disease and then minimize the bacteria which will provide a cat’s immune system.

The good thing about removing a cat’s teeth is a fact that many cats actually tend to do quite well when they have no teeth. Dental disease management is not the last thing that can help treat stomatitis in felines, of course. There are still other things that can actually help treat cats’ stomatitis when done.

Because stomatitis can actually be caused by certain illnesses, treating the illness that causes stomatitis in a cat and makes the cat suffer is a way to treat stomatitis.

For example, if a cat has an illness that can actually be treated, it is best to treat the illness in question. Treating the illness increases the chance of healing the cat and getting him or her out of the prison called stomatitis.

For instance, if a cat has bartonellosis, which is an illness that can be treated, treating the bartonellosis the cat has is actually a way to treat stomatitis the cat suffers from.

It’s due to the fact that the stomatitis that makes the cat suffer is caused by the bartonellosis. Thus, treating the bartonellosis is a good step to take to treat the stomatitis.

In short, when it comes to treating a cat’s stomatitis, it’s a good thing to do to find what illnesses cause the condition. Treating the illnesses that cause the stomatitis is one of the best ways of treating the stomatitis because by treating the illnesses that cause it, it will make the cat’s conditions better.

Whether it is bartonellosis or other illnesses, as long as the illnesses are treatable, it is a good thing to treat them.

The Long-Term Outcome of Feline Stomatitis

the long-term outcome of feline stomatitis


The long-term outcome of stomatitis in felines can actually vary. Numerous cats that have stomatitis might need long-term treatment which involves inflammatory medications, as well as antibiotics intermittently, in order to control their stomatitis.

It’s very important to do at-home tooth-brushing, as well as other dental care activities, because doing them can help in reducing the accumulation of plaque, as well as the accumulation of associated inflammation in a cat’s mouth. That’s why it’s important for you to take a very good care of your cat if you care a lot about him or her and you really want him or her to be healthy.

Just show your cat your love both through words and actions because it really helps make your cat’s conditions better. Add the things mentioned above if you’re a cat owner and you’re really worried about your cat suffering severely from stomatitis.

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